Oksana Denysiuk
Nataliia Tytarenko


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Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. At the present stage of the development of society, knowledge becomes the means of formation of a competent person, possessing the skills to achieve a common or personal goal, as well as to solve problems. The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine has launched monitoring studies to document the process of developing competencies in primary school students who are studying within the framework of the reform of the New Ukrainian School. The analytical materials presented in the article use statistical data collected in the course of one of the monitoring studies conducted by the SSI “Institute of Educational Analytics” in 2021. Analyzing the answers of third-grade teachers and taking into account the martial law situation in Ukraine, we focused on the social and emotional sphere of development of students. This sphere includes a group of mental abilities, allowing to form students communicative and anti-stress potentials, adaptive abilities and general mood. The results of the study showed that nine out of ten third-graders (89,1 %) experienced positive changes in their social and emotional development during the three years of study. This gives rise to a certain optimism since the military aggression of the russian federation in Ukraine has a significant effect on the emotional aspect of the child and if the children have already developed certain skills of stress resistance, it will allow them to react better in a stressful situation. The least developed (69,5 %) among the third-graders was the cognitive sphere, which is also an important characteristic of the intellectual development of the individual and contributes to the formation of internal self-regulation. Given the results obtained, the organization of psychological support for primary school students becomes relevant during the military situation. In addition, certain patterns were discovered and presented in the article. For example, the greatest influence on the cognitive and socio-emotional development of students is the desire of their parents to engage in leisure activities for their children or other assistance to teachers in organizing educational activities.
Keywords: sphere of development, general secondary education institution, monitoring, competent personality, highly specialized competencies, hard skills, soft skills.

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