Olga Banit


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Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. In the article the problem of psychological health of Ukrainians who experienced traumatic events was studied. Post-traumatic stress disorder is one of these problems. However, recent research has increasingly shown that stressful or psycho-traumatic events can lead to positive personality changes, a phenomenon known as post-traumatic growth. The purpose of this article is to identify and analyze key indicators of post-traumatic growth among Ukrainians during the war. The research methodology includes the questionnaire on post-traumatic growth developed by R. Tedeschi & L. Calhoun and adapted by M. Magomed-Eminov. Key indicators of post-traumatic growth measured by five scales (personal strength, attitude toward others, life values, new opportunities, and spiritual changes) were identified and analyzed. The research category is presented as a case study of post-traumatic growth among Ukrainian educators and students, affected by the war against Ukraine, treacherously started by russia on February 24, 2022, based on their voluntary self-assessment. As a result of the conducted quantitative and qualitative analysis, it was found that post-traumatic growth is not only related to positive changes in attitude to life and understanding of personal priorities. It is essential for individuals to have the ability to create mutually supportive relationships with others and to restore emotional balance. Unfortunately, many Ukrainians do not have these qualities. The increase in the value of life and attitude toward others is directly related to age. The interaction of indicators of personality strength and vision of new opportunities in a stressful situation becomes more complex with age Special attention should be paid to the study of the concept of spirituality in modern Ukrainian culture. We assume that it is connected to a lesser extent with religiosity, and to a greater extent with the sense of self-worth and the defense of the nation’s right to independence and freedom. The category of spirituality and its development as a result of stressful situations and their overcoming requires a separate theoretical justification, modern research tools that correspond to the mentality of Ukrainians and, accordingly, in-depth research.
Keywords: post-traumatic growth, R. Tedeschi & L. Calhoun questionnaire, Ukrainians, wartime conditions.

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