ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9458-2843
THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF A SYSTEM OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT FOR SCIENCE
Abstract. The article studies the problems of financial support for science in Ukraine. Theoretical approaches to the development of the system of financial support for science are analyzed, as well as three main theoretical approaches to the financing of science. Each of these three theoretical approaches is based on a particular conceptual vision of the role of science in the development of society, and each approach defines its own principles for the funding of scientific research. All these considered approaches involve different organizational and economic mechanisms for financial support, including basic scientific research. Within each approach, the composition of participants in financial relationships is different, as well as sources and forms of research funding and the method of determining the volume of financing. It is concluded that in order to develop an optimal model of research funding in Ukraine, it is necessary to start with the general strategy for science development in the country, as well as what scientific results we want to obtain. And despite the conceptual differences in the theoretical approaches to the development of financial support for science, it should be noted that the most optimal is a system of financing, which would take into account the comprehensive interests of fundamental and applied science, education, industry and the state. Such a systematic approach is fundamental in the development of the modern knowledge economy – an economy of innovative type.
Keywords: financing of science, financing of basic and applied scientific researches, budget expenditures, knowledge economy.
JEL classification: H41, H52, I122, I123, I128.