CHUMAK Oksana, BRYNIUK Oleksandra
FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN FORECASTING THE LABOUR MARKET INDICATORS FOR HIGHER EDUCATION
Abstract. The purpose of the article is to determine the basis of forecasting the labour market and skills in foreign countries in order to optimize the directions of the development of higher education. The foreign experience of ensuring the mechanism of prediction of indicators for the sphere of higher education has been analysed in the article. It is determined that forecasting is carried out at state and regional levels by public and private sector institutions. Occasionally, labour market forecasting is used to identify priority areas for additional funding. It has been found that in the EU countries research on labour market forecasting is conducted on a regular basis (less often on a temporary basis) by different state and non-state structures, studying indicators of the labour market and professional skills, revealing the demand and the mismatch of the competencies that are in demand. Another source of information about the labour market for HEIs is the participation of representatives of the labour market in higher education management (counseling, development, accreditation and evaluation of curricula). The state funding of university business cooperation projects in the vast majority of European higher education area countries plays an important role. As a result of the EU documents studying, it has been founded that there is a reverse relationship between levels of education and unemployment, which does not correspond with the objectives of creation of a European higher education area. In fact, in one third of countries, according to available data, graduates with a higher education do not have a more secure position on the labour market. Therefore, most countries are making significant efforts to ensure that the results of the labour market forecast are taken into consideration in government measures in the planning of education at the state level. The article systematises the organizational approaches of providing a system of labour market forecasting or qualification skills in different European countries. It is revealed that the aim of the educational policies of foreign countries is to provide an adequate supply on the educational services market by supporting demand for professional training. Based on the studied foreign experience, conclusions were made to improve this issue in Ukraine in order to forecast the financial support for the students’ training.
Keywords: forecasting, labour market, skills, higher education.
JEL classification: J24, J44, J21, I21.