Olena Shkirenko


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Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. The article reflects an axiological aspect of the development of the spirituality of participants in pedagogical interaction. Scientific works are analyzed on the study of objective factors that actualize the problem of the development of values and spirituality. The purpose of the article is to study the level of spirituality, potential and values of teachers, to determine the psychological characteristics of the formation of spiritual and moral values of teachers, and to determine the axiological aspect of personal development. According to the purpose of our study, we used a system of valid psychodiagnostic techniques (observations, interviews, questionnaires, test methods, sociometric data of fellow teachers), as well as a group of data processing methods (qualitative and quantitative analysis, determination of correlations). It’s concluded that the initial level of the development of teachers’ spiritual values is 21,8 %, the spirituality of teachers is 193 %, and the spiritual potential of teachers is 17,5 %. It means that almost a quarter of teachers with an initial level of spiritual development often focus on individualistic values. They are characterized by weak self-control, impulsiveness, low level of empathy and moral norms, unmotivated sense of rivalry, increased antisocial activity (intrigue, rebellion), violation of the hierarchy of motives and values and spiritual regulation, and inability to higher spiritual qualities. They want to deepen the theoretical and practical levels of spirituality, but, unfortunately, do not make adequate efforts for self-development. Educators with an average level of development of spiritual values, spirituality and spiritual potential do not always possess the stability and consistency of the value system of personality, but they adequately assess their qualities of character, level of development of culture and values, and can identify their shortcomings, etc. Teachers with sufficient and higher levels of development of spiritual values, spirituality and spiritual potential can effectively solve spiritual and moral problems and professional tasks of the educational process. They consciously try to acquire spiritual and moral knowledge and update professional values in their own activities. According to the results of statistical processing, the development of teachers’ values correlates directly with the focus on altruism. Having a willingness to give up their interests for the good of others, and developed self-awareness, and responsibility, teachers work on the development of spirituality. We see the prospect of further research in the in-depth study of the interaction of participants in pedagogical interaction, modification and improvement of development programs, and development of innovative technologies that would contribute to the formation and develop­ment of axiological aspects of a person’s spirituality.
Keywords: axiology, spirituality, spiritual and moral values of teachers.

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