HIGHER EDUCATION
5’2022

Bogdan Stetsenko
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0858-2629
Andrii Buriachenko
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7354-7491
Mykola Gaponiuk
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1541-0307

PROBLEMS OF EMPLOYMENT OF GRADUATES OF HIGHER EDUCATION ECONOMIC INSTITUTIONS

Full text (pdf)
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. The article examines the employment of graduates of higher education economic institutions. The aim of the article is to define the factors determining the competitiveness of economic higher education institutions’ graduates in the domestic labor market, their impact on employment, as well as to substantiate the directions of overcoming the existing problems in this area. It has been established that three groups of factors have a significant impact on the process of employment of economic higher education institutions’ graduates: the main trends of the domestic educational market; imbalances characteristic of the Ukrainian labor market; finally, the level of professional training of the graduate who is looking for a job. Over a long period of time, public consciousness has formed an idea about the «universal» nature of economic education. As a consequence, domestic HEIs (regardless of their main profile) actively offered various educational programs of economic orientation on the market. Under such conditions only in recent years, the reputation and prestige of HEIs have become a weighty factor influencing the choice of employers. Under the conditions of open armed aggression, the participants of the educational market faced complex tasks, connected both with the relocation of a number of institutions and with the change of priorities in the labor market, and with the significant migration of potential applicants and students outside Ukraine. Solving them largely depends on an effective public policy in the field of education (including optimization of the number of HEIs), as well as the ability of economic universities to transform their own strategy on the educational market in Ukraine.
Keywords: education, economic education, higher education, higher education applicants, quality of higher education, labor market, employer.
https://doi.org/10.32987/2617-8532-2022-5-38-50

References:
1. State Statistics Service of Ukraine. (n. d.). Higher education and vocational pre-higher education in Ukraine. Retrieved from https://www.ukrstat.gov.ua [in Ukrainian].
2. Zahorodnii, M. (2022). Rectors offered to reduce the number of universities in Ukraine – Skarlet refused. Ukrainian Pravda. Retrieved from https://life.pravda.com.ua/society/2022/03/27/247992/ [in Ukrainian].
3. Kvit, S. (Ed.). (2022). Annual report of the National Agency for Higher Education Quality Assurance for 2021. Kyiv: NAZIaVO. Retrieved from https://naqa.gov.ua/wp-content/uploads/2022/02/%D0%97%D0%B2%D1%96%D1%82-2021.pdf [in Ukrainian].
4. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2015). On approval of the list of branches of knowledge and specialties on which training of applicants for higher education is carried out (Decree No. 266, April 29). Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/266-2015-%D0%BF#Text [in Ukrainan].
5. Osvitа.ua. (2022). Consolidated ranking of higher education institutions of Ukraine in 2022. Retrieved from https://osvita.ua/vnz/rating/51741/ [in Ukrainian].
6. Kostiuk, O. (2022). Why university graduates do not satisfy employers. ZN.UA. Retrieved from https://zn.ua/ukr/EDUCATION/chomu-vipuskniki-universitetiv-ne-zadovolnjajut-robotodavtsiv.html [in Ukrainian].
7. Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. (2022). Report on monitoring employment of graduates of institutions of higher and vocational pre-higher education. Retrieved from https://mon.gov.ua/ua/news/pidvedeno-pidsumki-pershogo-monitoringu-pracevlashtuvannya-vipusknikiv-zakladiv-vishoyi-ta-fahovoyi-peredvishoyi-osviti [in Ukrainian].
8. Eurostat. (2021). Employment rates of recent graduates (aged 20–34) not in education and training, by level of educational attainment. Retrieved from https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/statistics-explained/index.php?title=File:Employment_rates_of_recent_graduates_(aged_20%E2%80%9334)_not_in_education_and_training,_by_level_of_educational_attainment,_2021_(%C2%B9)_(%25).png.
9. Bilinets, M., Buriachenko, A., & Paientko, T. (2021). Financing higher education in Ukraine in the 21st century: challenges and prospects for overcoming them. Finance of Ukraine, 2, 98–112. Retrieved from http://finukr.org.ua/?page_id=723&aid=4782 [in Ukrainian].
10. Altbach, P. G., Reisberg, L., & Rumbley, L. E. (2009). Trends in Global Higher Education: Tracking an Academic Revolution. Retrieved from https://www.cep.edu.rs/public/Altbach,_Reisberg,_Rumbley_Tracking_an_Academic_Revolution,_UNESCO_2009.pdf.
11. Shchur, M. (2020). What will higher education look like after COVID-19? In the United States and Britain, universities bear multimillion-dollar losses. Radio Svoboda. Retrieved from https://www.radiosvoboda.org/a/vyshcha-osvita-pislia-koronavirusu/30655858.html [in Ukrainian].
12. Nikolaiev, Ye., Rii, H., & Shemelynets, I. (2022). In foreign walls: how displaced universities overcome problems. Vox Ukraine. Retrieved from https://voxukraine.org/u-chuzhyh-stinah-yak-dolayut-problemy-peremishheni-universytety/ [in Ukrainian].
13. Buriachenko, А., Hryzohlazov, D., & Slavkova, А. (2020). Training forms in teaching financial disciplines. Educational Analytics of Ukraine, 1, 62–71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32987/2617-8532-2020-1-62-71 [in Ukrainian].