Svitlana Kravchenko


Full text (pdf)
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. The aim of the study was to analyze some educational innovations in secondary education in the United States with a projection on the Ukrainian education system in terms of its reform and integration into the world educational space. Based on scientific analysis, the concept of educational innovation is specified. It is stated that innovation is not only an innovation but also the ability to think anew, to rethink existing theories and rules. The issue of financing educational innovations has been updated. The results of the introduction of an educational voucher in the US secondary education system on the example of individual states and the impact of the voucher system on the formation of the competitiveness of secondary education and improving the quality of educational services are studied. The results of Indiana’s largest school voucher program, Indiana’s Indiana Choice Scholarships program, are reviewed. The concept of the «digital divide» in the context of the transition to distance learning is studied. It is substantiated that for modern Ukrainian society the most important task is to develop promising guidelines for development and effective practices of educational innovations, reforming the educational system by transforming it into an effective model of education that would meet international standards. It is concluded that the digitalization of education requires appropriate technical and information support, including the development and implementation of a national IT strategy, ensuring equal access to e-learning resources, the formation of digital competence in students and teachers. Recommendations are offered that may be a prospect for the development of general secondary education in Ukraine based on the positive experience of the United States.
Keywords: distance learning, school voucher, educational innovation, digital divide.

1. Topuzov, O. M. (Ed.). (2021). Distance learning in quarantine: experience and prospects. Kyiv: Pedahohichna dumka. DOI: [in Ukrainian].
2. Kremen, V. G., Lyashenko, O. I., & Lokshyna, O. I. (2020). General secondary education in Ukraine in the context of education in Europe: duration and structure. Kyiv: Pedahohychna dumka. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
3. Lokshyna, О. І. (Ed.). (2020). The response of the world community to the challenges of COVID-19 in education (February-June 2020). Kyiv: Avtorytet. DOI: [in Ukrainian].
4. Topuzov, O. M., & Lokshynа, O. I. (2020). Education and training under the COVID-19 pandemic. Kyiv: Avtorytet. DOI: [in Ukrainian].
5. Kravchenko, S. M. (2021). Innovative educational trends: to pose the problem. Innovative development of higher education: global, European and national dimensions of change (pp. 8-10). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
6. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2002). About innovation activity (Act No. 40-IV, July 4). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
7. Merriam-Webster. (2021). Innovation. Retrieved from
8. U.S. Department of Education. (2004). What Do We Mean by «Innovation»? Retrieved from
9. Kremen, V. G. (2005). Education and science in Ukraine – innovative aspects. Strategy. Realization. Results. Kyiv: Gramota [in Ukrainian].
10. Kremen, V. G., Lugovyi, V. I., & Saukh, P. Yu. (2020). Education and science are the basis of innovative human development. Proposals of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine to the Human Development Strategy. Bulletin of the National Academy of Peda­gogical Sciences, 2(2), 1‒5. DOI: [in Ukrainian].
11. Ravitch, D. (2008). Does Education Really Need More Innovation in the Age of Scienti­fically Based Research? Retrieved from
12. Mazorchuk, M., Vakulenko, T., Tereshchenko, V., Bychko, G., Shumova, K., Rakov, S., …& Gorokh, V. (2019). National report on the results of the international survey on the quality of education PISA-2018. Kyiv: Ukrainian Center for Educational Quality Assessment. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
13. Wikipedia. (2021). School voucher. Retrieved from
14. Greene, J. P., & Winters, M. A. (2003). When Schools Compete: The Effects of Vouchers on Florida Public School Achievement. Retrieved from
15. Quinn, R. & Cheuk, T. (2018). School Vouchers in the Trump Era: How Political Ideology and Religion Shape Public Opinion. Retrieved from
16. Kravchenko, S. M. (2021). School voucher as an educational innovation. Development of professional skills of a teacher in the conditions of a new socio-cultural reality (pp. 239‒241). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
17. Wikipedia. (2021). Indiana Choice Scholarships. Retrieved from
18. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. (n. d.). Retrieved from
19. Dzhurylo, A. (2021). On the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the assessment of the quality of education in the context of distance learning. Current issues of theory and practice in the field of law, education, social and behavioral sciences – 2021 (pp. 57‒60). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
20. Chandra, S., Hill, H., Kothari, T., McBride, L., & Vaduganathan, N. (2021). Closing the Digital Divide in US Education – for Good. Retrieved from
21. Lokshyna, O., Glushko, O., Dzhurylo, A., Kravchenko, S., Nikolskaya, N., Tymenko, M. & Shparyk, O. (2020). Generalized recommendations of the world community on counteracting COVID-19 in education. Comparative and international education — 2020: globalized space of innovations (pp. 22‒31). Kyiv; Bila Tserkva: Avtorytet. DOI: [in Ukrainian].