International educational space

Anna Ziętek
Natalia Pron


Full text (pdf)
Language: English
Abstract. The article attempts to discuss the problems of training and retraining of VET (vocational education and training) teachers in Poland in the process of implementing important educational reforms. The authors stress the special role of VET in society as compared to other levels of education, which main task is to provide a quality education that meets the needs of the modern labor market. The study used research methods, techniques and tools such as document verification, interview techniques and VET monitoring. The problems described in the article offer solutions that improve the work of teachers as well as the content of vocational disciplines. The results of the monitoring study involving first-level industrial and vocational schools in the Lubusz Voivodeship show the importance of teachers’ cooperation with the local labor market in order to improve the curricula according to employers’ expectations. The training and retraining of teachers have been found to be an important factor in preparing students for professional tasks. In view of this, the authors proposed a model for the relationship between the educational system and the local labor market. At the same time, it is recommended that individual professional development plans be drawn up for teachers of vocational disciplines. The article presents measures that are the starting point for finding further solutions to support teachers by creating individual professional development plans that enhance professional activity according to the long-term local development programs. There is thus a need to improve the quality of teaching in VET institutions in accordance with the needs of employers and within existing educational programs.
Keywords: vocational education and training system in Poland, VET teachers, professional development, individual professional development plan, labor market.

1. The Act of Poland of 14th December 2016 on «Law on School Education». Retrieved from [in Polish].
2. The Act of Poland of 20th July 2018 on «Law on Higher Education and Science» [in Polish].
3. Spotlight on VET Poland. (2017). Retrieved from
4. Chłoń-Domińczak, A. et al. (2019). Vocational education and training in Europe – Poland. CedefopReferNet VET in Europe reports 2018. Retrieved from
5. Centre for Education Development. (2017). Educational Paths. Warsaw. Retrieved from [in Polish].
6. Lotza, D. (Ed.) at al. (2002). Diagnosis for the disabled. University of Szczecin, Institute of Pedagogy, European Academy of Heilpedagogy as part of the Professional Association of Heilpedagogues. Retrieved from [in Polish].
7. Stronkowski, P. (2009). EU funds for education: vocational education. Retrieved from [in Polish].
8. Okoń, W. (1996). New pedagogical dictionary. Warsaw [in Polish].
9. Janiga, J. (2007). School teacher professional training in teaching ergonomics and labor protection: abstract problems. Retrieved from [in Polish].
10. Wiatrowski, Z. (1982). Vocational school teacher. Warsaw [in Polish].
11. Ministry of National Education. (2010). Assumptions of the proposed changes, Students with special educational needs. Guidebook, Warsaw. Retrieved from [in Polish].
12. Ministry of National Education. (2010). Effective, friendly and modern education. How to organize the education of students with special educational needs? Guidebook, Warsaw. Retrieved from [in Polish].
13. Pietrulewicz, B. (2005). Possibilities of improving the education process: selected issues. University of Zielona Góra [in Polish].
14. Minister of National Education. (2018). Regulation on obtaining professional promotion grades by teachers. Retrieved from [in Polish].
15. Minister of National Education. (2017). Regulation on the detailed qualifications required of teachers. Retrieved from [in Polish].
16. Wenta, K., & Perzycka, E. (2005). Pedagogical and psychological diagnosis and evaluation: research status and prospects. Retrieved from [in Polish].
17. Ministry of National Education. (2020). On the announcement of the single text of the Regulation of the Minister of National Education on the conditions for organizing education, upbringing and care for disabled, socially maladjusted children and adolescents at risk of social maladjustment. Retrieved from: [in Polish].
18. Stawowy-Wojnarowska, I. (n. d.). Selected issues from studies of special schools curricula. Institute of School Programs, Ministry of Education and Upbringing, Warsaw [in Polish].