Lyubov Shablysta


Full text (pdf)
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. This article provides the results of a study of the problem of choosing scientific priorities in Ukraine, which today is becoming a complex political interaction of various social actors: the state, the scientific community, business structures and different social institutions. The increasing number of active players influences the expansion of goals and strategies for the development of science, which the state should synchronize through the formation of state policy based on innovation. The article aims to analyze the methodology and applied aspects of the choice of scientific priorities and to substantiate the principles and criteria of their formation in Ukraine. For the purposes of the article, the following research methods were applied: abstract-logical; system analysis; analysis and synthesis; graphical method. The article highlights the problems of predicting the development of science, applying methods of assessing scientific priorities in view of the needs of modern society and ensuring socio-economic development. In this regard, the principles, criteria and methods for the formation and selection of scientific priorities in terms of individual areas of scientific activity are substantiated. It is determined that the content of the scientific priorities should: meet the challenges that Ukraine may face in the medium and long term; take into account the emergence of new technologies that can significantly change the economy, living conditions and social relationships; focus on critical public needs and international development specificities, relevant risks and opportunities; cover sufficiently large areas, which should be limited in number. The results of the research concluded that the objectives of the scientific priorities are: concentration of financial resources to support research on critical scientific issues; improving coordination among the various scientific actors and facilitating the flow of extra-budgetary funds; stimulating demand channels for the results of basic and applied research; involvement of foreign scientists in research. The need to formulate a common systemic approach to the selection of scientific and scientific-technological priorities is substantiated.
Keywords: scientific priorities, research activity, state scientific policy, priority areas of research, principles and criteria for the formation of scientific priorities.


1. OECD. (2014). Science, Technology and Industry. Outlook 2014. OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from
2. Oral, M., Kettani, O., & Lang, P. (1991). A methodology for collective evaluation and selection of industrial R&D projects. Management Science, 37(7), 871–885.
3. Ivanova, N. I. (2012). Science and innovation: the choice of priorities. Moscow: IMEMO [in Russian].
4. Kyzym, M. O., Khaustova, V. Ie., & Reshetniak, O. I. (2020). Problems of choosing prio­rity directions of science and technology development in Ukraine. Business-inform, 7, 50–58. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
5. Koretskyi, A. I. (2017). Priorities of innovative development of the economy of Ukraine: scientometric aspect. Kyiv: TOV «DKS tsentr» [in Ukrainian].
6. Malitskyi, B. A., Popovych, O. S., & Onopriienko, M. V. (2008). Substantiation of the system of scientific and technological priorities on the basis of «foresight» research. Kyiv: Fenniks, [in Ukrainian].
7. Mindeli, L. E., Ostapyuk, S. F., & Koshkareva, O. A. (2017). The mechanism for the formation of priorities for the development of fundamental scientific research. Retrieved from [in Russian].
8. Ostapjuk, S. F., Koshkareva, O. A. (2014). Structural modeling of the selection and actualization of priority directions of oriented fundamental research. Microeconomics, 4, 71–77. Retrieved from [in Russian].
9. Tishhenko, V. I. (2016). The foundation of modern methods of forecasting and determining the priorities for the development of science. In I. Ya. Kobrinskaia, V. I. Tishchenko (Eds.). Identifying the priorities of scientific areas: interdisciplinary approach: collection (pp. 6–15). Moscow: IMJeMO RAN. Retrieved from [in Russian].
10. Fridljanov, V. N., Bojcheko, V. S. (2015). Priorities in fundamental research as a reflection of the balance of interests of the state, society and science. Bulletin of the Russian Humanitarian Science Foundation, 3, 6–28. Retrieved from [in Russian].
11. Khaustova, V. Ie., Reshetniak, O. I. (2019). Features of the organization of scientific activity in the EU countries and Ukraine. Business-inform, 7, 122–137 [in Ukrainian].
12. Research Center for Industrial Development Technologies. (2015). Presentation to the report on applied research work «Implementation of priority areas of development and commercialization of nanotechnologies in Ukraine». Kharkiv. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
13. Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. (2001). On priority directions of development of science and technology. (Act No. 2623-ІІІ, July 11). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
14. Mirskij, M. Je. (1977). An array of publications and a system of scientific discipline. System studies. Yearbook, 133–158 [in Russian].
15. Kuznecova, Ju. M., Osipov, G. S., & Chudova, N. V. (2013). Studying the state of affairs in science using the methods of text mining. Management of large systems, 44, 106–138. Retrieved from [in Russian].
16. Topka, V. V. (2014). Methodology for selecting priority research and development based on the resource method. Moscow: VGUP «VIMI». Retrieved from: http // [in Russian].
17. Novikova, D. A., Orlova, A. I., Chebatarova, P. Ju. (2013). Scientometrics and Expertise in Science Management. Management of large systems, 44, 8–13 [in Russian].
18. Morgunov, E. V. (2011). Foresight method and its role in managing the country’s technological development. In V. A. Tsvetkov (Ed.). Market economy development problems, 97–113. Retrieved from [in Russian].
19. Brumer, V., Konnola, T., & Salo, A. (2009). Foresight research for the development of national strategies «Finsight-2015». Foresight, 3(4), 56–65 [in Russian].
20. Gruber, F., Degel’zegger, A. (2010). Foresight in the field of scientific and technological partnership between Europe and South-East Asia. Foresight, 4(3), 56–68 [in Russian].
21. Attila, A. (2003). Evolving Foresight in a Small Transition Economy. Journal of Forecasting, 22 (2-3), 179–201.
22. Leonov, V. A., Pronin, A. Ju. (2017). Determination of priority areas of fundamental research for the creation of high-tech products. Retrieved from [in Russian].
23. Sinelnikov, Ju. V., Minaev, Je. S. (2017). Expert scenario forecasting technology. Moscow: MAI Publishing House [in Russian].
24. Sazonov, B. V. (2016). Methods and problems of determining the directions of promising scientific research. In I. Ya. Kobrinskaia, V. I. Tishchenko (Eds.). Identifying the priorities of scientific areas: interdisciplinary approach: collection (pp. 16–28). Moscow: IMJeMO RAN [in Russian].
25. Zghurovskyi, M. Z. (2002). Scenario analysis as a system methodology of prediction. Systems research and information technology, 1, 7–38. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
26. Sharabchiev, Ju. T. (n. d.). Scientific approaches to identifying priority areas in health care and medical science. Retrieved from [in Russian].
27. Ukrainian Institute of Scientific and Technical Expertise and Information. (2020). Implementation of priority areas of science and technology development and results obtained in 2019. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
28. Nikitin, Yu. O., Melnyk, M. V. (2017). Analysis of the medium-term plan of priority actions of the government until 2020 on the implementation of the Association Agreement between Ukraine and the EU in the field of science and technology and the implementation of investment and innovation model of economic development. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
29. Burlaka, V. H. (2014). Priority directions of scientific-technological and innovative development of Ukraine’s economy. Effective economy, 12. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
30. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. (2019). On the main scientific directions and the most important problems of basic research in the field of natural, technical, social and human sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine for 2019–2023 (Resolution No. 30, January 30). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
31. The National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine. (n. d.). Priority areas (topics) of scientific research and scientific and technical (experimental) developments of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine for 2018–2022. Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
32. Priority areas for the development of legal science for 2016–2020. (n. d.). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
33. State Fiscal Service of Ukraine. (2015). The concept of scientific support of public administration in the tax and customs sphere (Оrder No. 281, April 17). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
34. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2011). About the statement of the list of priority thematic directions of scientific researches and scientific and technical developments for the period till 2020 (Resolution No. 942, September 7). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
35. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine. (2017). On approval of the medium-term plan of priority actions of the Government until 2020 and the plan of priority actions of the Government for 2017 (Order No. 275-p, April 3). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
36. President of Ukraine. (2019). On the goals of sustainable development of Ukraine for the period up to 2030 (Decree No. 722/2019, September 30). Retrieved from [in Ukrainian].
37. Bojchenko V. S. (2016). Formation of scientific priorities: general approach, specificity of fundamental research. Retrieved from [in Russian].