SYSTEMATIC APPROACH TO LEGISLATIVE DECISION-MAKING ON EDUCATION GOVERNANCE UNDER UNCERTAINTY OF CONDITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS
Abstract. Appropriateness of using the systematic approach as a tool for improving the quality of legislative decisions on governance of educational systems under the uncertainty of conditions and requirements is substantiated. In particular, this concerns the need to clearly define the goals and objectives of the decisions, effectively allocate the powers of the government authorities. To ensure the effectiveness of legislative decisions, it is important to use objective and reliable information about the current state of educational systems. The total number of indicators that characterize them may reach several tens or hundreds. Thus, some of the indicators may be connected to each other, some of them change rapidly, and some others may vary greatly within Ukraine. Therefore, in the legislation should be defined not only the indicators themselves but also the methods of measuring them. They should be based on known methods of multivariate assessment, which provides different variants of convolution of individual indicators for obtaining valid and reliable estimates of systems that meet the objectives of measurement. Considering the presence of several key stakeholders (pupils and students, teachers, parents, educational establishments, employers, state bodies, local authorities, society as a whole), legislation should provide tools for their influence on decision-making, as well as mechanisms for coordinating of their interests. Thus, one of the important tasks of the educational legislation should be the establishment of such rules for the interaction of key stakeholders, which can not be rejected by any of them without harmonizing the new rules with others. For decision-making in education, including legislative decisions, well-known decision-making methods under uncertainty should be used. It is also necessary to provide the evaluation of known external factors and to take into account the existing restrictions.
Keywords: educational system, system approach, legislation, decision-making, powers, uncertainty conditions, educational indicators, stakeholders, external factors, restrictions.
JEL classification: H10, H52, I20, I21, I22, I28, Z18.