VOCATIONAL (VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL) EDUCATION
3’2022

Oksana Svatiuk
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0099-2532
Yosyf Sytnyk
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8718-5738
Yuriy Myronov
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9015-506X

DYNAMICS OF THE SECTORAL STRUCTURE OF VOCATIONAL (VOCATIONAL AND TECHNICAL) EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS IN THE LVIV REGION

Full text (pdf)
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract. This paper is devoted to the study of the problem of changing the sectoral structure of vocational education and training (hereinafter – VET) institutions in Ukraine. An analysis of the statistics of this category of students and official information from the state websites of education is presented. The strengths and weaknesses of vocational and technical education institutions in the Lviv region were analysed. The article provides a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the VET network as of today, namely 72 VET institutions of various types, including 5 higher vocational schools; 67 vocational and technical schools, which were gradually reorganized into 53 VET institutions. This confirms the need to provide the region with capable working junior specialists. Attention is focused on the problem that the level of Ukrainian VET institutions often does not correspond to the realities because there are gaps between them. With this in mind, education policy faces the challenge of reducing these gaps and developing the skills needed by entrepreneurs specialties are offered by institutions and those in need of business. Entrepreneurs note that they have long felt a shortage of workers, so they are ready to cooperate with the use of production facilities for student internships to stimulate the production of the necessary staff. This will reduce the outflow of personnel abroad, and work for the business that responded to the offer together to develop vocational education. The article also noted that business representatives should be more actively involved in the process of establishing Supervisory Boards at VET institutions. This will make it possible to introduce in institutions methods of improving practical training in which entrepreneurs are interested. Providing enterprises with workers, namely car repairmen, builders, truck drivers, electric welders, cooks, confectioners, waiters, carvers, hairdressers, stylists, manicurists, and IT specialists allows forming personnel of enterprises for the main types of economic activity of Lviv region (industry, trade, agriculture, construction, IT-sphere). In this regard, we recommend the practice of reorganization and creation of educational and practical centers in the Lviv region with the involvement of grants and employers for other regions of Ukraine.
Keywords: vocational education and training institutions, students, modern education, educational and practical centers, labor market, Lviv region.
https://doi.org/10.32987/2617-8532-2022-3-41-56

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